YouTube(pronouncedIPA [ː ju ː Tju b] auto insurance rates ) is a website where users can upload and share videos . It was created by three former employees of PayPal in February 2005 . 4 In October 2006 it was acquired by Google Inc. in exchange for martial arts denver 1.650 billion U.S. dollars , and now operates as one of its subsidiaries .
YouTube uses an online player based on Adobe Flash (although it can be a player HTML , which incorporated YouTube shortly after the W3C submission and that Web browsers support the standard major HTML5 ) to serve their content. It is very popular thanks to the possibility of hosting personal videos easily. Hosts a variety of movie clips, TV shows and music videos . Despite rules against uploading videos to YouTube of copyright , this material exists in abundance as well as content amateur and videoblogs . Links to YouTube videos can also be embedded in blogs and personal websites using API or some code embedding HTML .YouTube Inc. was founded by Chad Hurley , Steve Chen and Jawed Karim in February 2005 in San Bruno , California . They met while working at PayPal , Chen and Karim as engineers, and Chad as a designer. 5 According to Hurley and Chen , the idea arose Youtube to the difficulties experienced in trying to share videos taken during a party in San Francisco . This story has been considered a very simplified version, and Chen has recognized that this chiropractic marketing idea can be promoted by the need to present a simple story to the market. 5 Karim has declared that the party never happened, and that the idea of video sharing Internet was his. 5 His colleagues have stated that the party did happen, and that the original idea was to create a Karim dating site where people could qualify based on Bankruptcy their videos. Karim admits having been influenced by a dating site called HotorNot.com (‘¿Hot or Not?’), where users could upload pictures of themselves, which were then rated by other users. 5
The domain was activated on February 15th of 2005 , 6 and April 23 was uploaded the first video, Me at the Zoo (‘I at the zoo’). 7 cheap auto transport In the spring YouTube went online. However, the developers quickly realized that users were carrying all kinds of videos, leaving behind the Plastic Storage Containers original idea. The traffic is fired when the people began to place links on their websites YouTube MySpace . 5 The rapid growth of the site attracted to Time Warner and Sequoia Capital , which invested in it. After that, in October 2005, the company Nike placed a spot starring Ronaldinho , large companies began to be attracted by YouTube. 5 Only in 2005, Sequoia had to invest 8.5 million dollars on the site.
Original site of YouTube (2. Th floor).
By December 2005 YouTube pages were visited about 50 million times a day. However, after the music video Lazy Sunday , originally broadcast on the show Saturday Night Live , was uploaded to YouTube, visits shot up again to reach 250 million views a day. 7 By May 2006, according to Alexa. com , YouTube reached 2000 million views per day, and by the middle of August had reached seven billion mark on several occasions, seven also had become the tenth most visited site in the United States . At that time, the New York Post estimated that YouTube would be worth between 600 and 1000 million U.S. dollars. 7 MySpace.com and Google released their own versions of YouTube, without success.
In October 2006 YouTube’s offices remained in the San Mateo County , located on the second floor of a building, and had about 60 employees. An executive at Universal Music Group recently announced that “YouTube owed tens of millions of dollars” for violation of copyright. 8 Mark Cuban , co-founder of Broadcast.com , a service of Internet radio purchased by Yahoo in 1999 had declared a month before that “only a fool would buy YouTube for potential legal problems that face.” 8 However, the site owners had already committed to Chrome Wire Shelving Warner Music to improve service, so they could more quickly detect when a video of his property was uploaded to the site. However, earlier this month published a report in the Wall Street Journal indicating that Google would buy YouTube for 1.6 billion dollars. This information was initially denied by YouTube and Google, which described it as hearsay.
YouTube offices in San Bruno, California , after its purchase by Google.
That same month, Google bought YouTube for 1.65 billion dollars in stock. 9 At the time of purchase 100 million videos on YouTube were viewed and 65 000 new video was added daily. In addition, some 72 million people visiting each month. Hurley and Chen held their positions, as well as the 67 employees currently working in the company. 10 In the earlier days, YouTube has signed two agreements with Universal Music Group and CBS , and Google had signed agreements with Sony BMG and Warner Music to distribute music videos.
By June 2008 38% of videos viewed on the Internet came from YouTube, the closest competitor came to represent only 4%. Although Google did not reveal the figures, it was estimated that the site generated 200 million U.S. dollars this year. 11 In that month, an announcement on the YouTube home page daily cost $ 175,000, and the client must commit to spending an additional $ 50,000 in Google or other ads on YouTube pages. However, because the content of the vast majority of YouTube videos did not attract advertisers, ad prices collapsed. YouTube proceeded to pressure denver injury lawyer the television and film studios to produce quality video Phen375 Review content and featured channels offered, where they could submit announcements of new releases of movies and television clips. He also came to place ads before the start of a video, but then discovered that 70% of users abandon the site before it was over. 11
YouTube’s relationship with television production companies and film have been mixed. Viacom lawsuit against YouTube continues billion by 1000, which began in March 2007 for alleged massive violation of copyright . 12 On the other hand, Disney signed end of March 2009 an agreement with YouTube, allowing the transmission Storage Bins of short videos of the ABC and ESPN . Disney may submit ads on YouTube thanks to this treatment. In April 2009, Google announced that YouTube signed alliances with some studies of Hollywood for the site could show television shows and full movies. 13 In January 2010, YouTube launched Rentals, an online video store service with full-length movies that are can be seen instantly after payment. 14
In recent years, Google still has not effectively convert the high traffic of YouTube into profits, the company has recognized this, but has refused to provide figures. 2 According to an article in Forbes Magazine , YouTube will generate $ 240 million in 2009 , remaining well below the $ 710 million in operating costs of the site. 1 According to an analyst at Credit Suisse , YouTube would be presenting losses 470 million U.S. dollars in 2009, 1 however, other companies estimate losses 174.2 million. 2
Features and Reviews
On the search for videos and high resolution view
Comparing the video quality offered by YouTube.
YouTube maintains a logistics to locate any video through the metadata tags , titles and descriptions that users assign to their videos, but whose use is restricted to the videos of YouTube. However, following the purchase of YouTube by Google , Google Video started to add to your search the contents of YouTube.
In June 2007 there was a significant step towards internationalizing the site, translating its interface into different languages, including Spanish .
The design is minimalist and lightweight player, based on a predetermined color: the gray light, because the company seeks comfort in regard to band type of Internet . The first YouTube player had a curved design, simple, highlighting options as buttons. In mid- 2007 , the second change to a more clean and modern, with a more straight and separate options for shared spaces. Added options such as adding annotations, pause by clicking on the player’s screen, banners similar to those in TV , original and translated subtitles. Sometimes they include commercials before the video short.
On January Denver Divorce Lawyer 21 of 2010 in player options add a menu to select the video quality you want to view and two new icons to change the size of the player and to display full screen video, respectively. When there are subtitles , an icon for displaying.
Lately, YouTube has added the ability to watch some videos in 3D and resolutions up to Ultra HD .
On the other hand, there is the ability to view subtitles , which are formatted SubViewer (*. SUB) and SubRip (*. SRT). 15
On Google Video and other video sites are no complaints about the quality, videos are being Pixelan (uniform color boxes appear larger, in the form of mosaic ), largely due to the balance between image quality and speed data transmission on the network. Another problem is that in many clips, audio and video are not synchronized, although this depends on the original file format.
In general, all videos must occupy disk space no larger than 2 GB and have a duration less than or equal to 15 minutes, with a tolerance of 59 extra seconds of recording, ie a total length of 15:59 seconds . All the videos are converted to resolutions 320 and 480 × 240 × 360 pixels and 30 frames per second , although the videos before March 2008 are available only in the lowest resolution. Despite all the videos are shown by default in the lower resolution, users can play on high quality setting your preferences.
Not all YouTube videos have been optimized or converted to a high resolution format, but a small percentage who do so, and to view them you must add the parameter “& fmt = 6″ (without quotes) at the end of address URL [ citation needed ] . The video would be a video in FLV but with superior quality, provided there is this version, otherwise, only the normal version is displayed. Alternatively, you can add “& fmt = 18″ parameter that is available to almost all video (MP4 format). [ citation needed ]
Since late 2008, you can watch videos HD quality 720p and since 2009 with quality 1080p, which can be accessed by selecting the desired quality of the buttons displayed on the lower right corner of the video. As the format of HQ (high quality), HD (high definition) is displayed only if the version.
On November 25th of 2008 , YouTube changed the aspect ratio of your video player from 4:3 to 16:9, according to standard TV sets LCD and plasma , and also in accordance with the intentions of the company transmit full-length movies in the future. 16 This change in appearance is for all the videos, so those are 4:3 format with black bars on the sides.
Comparison of the qualities of YouTube videos
Standard Means High 720p 1080 Mobile Phone
“Fmt” value, container 34, flv 18, mp4 35, flv 22, mp4 37, mp4 17, 3gp
Video Codec MPEG-4 AVC (H.264) MPEG-4 Part 2
Aspect Ratio 4:3, 16:9 4:3 16:9 11:9
Maximum resolutions 320 × 240
400 × 226
640×360 480 × 360 854 × 480 1280 × 720 1920×1080 176 × 144
Audio All audio encoding using AAC with 2 channels at 44.1 kHz.
Recently added resolutions 2k and 4k or Ultra High Definition (up to 7.680 x 4.320 pixels) whose resolution is 16 times higher than HD and 75 times the system PAL . resolutions that were enabled for users with certain requirements.
Restriction of copies
To prevent copies of the video files are distributed in Flash format (FLV), owned by Adobe Flash , which prevents users from making digital copies easily. Still, many programmers have developed tools that allow, without permission from YouTube, downloading videos hosted on the site. Today there is a myriad of applications for access to downloading YouTube videos, in addition, there is already a tool to download videos in high definition.
YouTube has profoundly changed the definition of copyright videos, because before 2005 only applied to shared music on P2P . Much of the videos posted on YouTube users have music or images with copyright , but the company only removed if requested by the owner of the copyright. By withdrawing the videos that user’s account is suspended published them after receiving at least three warnings. Additionally, producers of music may request cancellation of the audio tracks of videos that include music soundtracks or was not licensed for inclusion, being totally without sound. 17
Dispute with Viacom
One of the best known cases occurred in February 2007 with the demand from Viacom , the parent of the chain MTV , and children’s channels Nickelodeon , Nick Jr. , Nick Jr. 2 and Noggin , to remove from your site over 100,000 videos, unable to reach a financial settlement with the company so that users could use the content of Viacom. 18 The dispute between the two companies aggravated the March 13 , when he publicly announced that Viacom sued YouTube and its owner Google Inc. for alleged violation of the copyright in an amount that exceeds 1,000 billion dollars in damage. 19 In response, some YouTube users uploaded videos to the site urging others to boycott Viacom. 20 Google responded saying I do respect copyright and do not allow legal action becomes a distraction from the continued strong growth of YouTube. 21
YouTube as an advertising platform
Since May 2007 , on YouTube ads began appearing under the name of the product user to announce the campaign. However, the rejection has made this campaign is not successful, so that no advertiser has generated income. 22
As a complement to TV
Some U.S. networks have created webisodes , short chapters five minutes whose plot is related to the original series which are derived, which are distributed exclusively online. These episodes emerged as an alternative method, after the writers strike , to reach a truly global audience. An example of these shorts is the saddest kind of life , which was broadcast by the channel after LaSexta Spain. 23 In addition, it was found that YouTube does not steal the television audience, in fact encourages, [ citation needed ] and that although a program does not succeed in their country of origin, it is possible that in YouTube if I do, to attract larger audiences than expected. This has happened with the Spanish program Muchachada Nui , which is already widely known in Latin America. 24
Impact on popular culture and society
Computer showing on YouTube.
YouTube has had a major impact on popular culture is proof of that obtaining the prize for “Invention of the Year”, awarded by Time magazine in November 2006 . 25 The site became a broadcast medium so popular for diffusion of Internet phenomena of all kinds has even been used by major figures such as Tony Blair , who published there his message of congratulations to President of France , Nicolas Sarkozy , when he was elected. 26 The site is also a means of promotion artists and political campaign to have a space or channel ( channel ) itself, such is the case of Citizen Tube , a place where politicians campaigning for election to the United States out in blogs video their comments and suggestions. Similarly, the European Commission launched a space within YouTube to communicate with citizens. 27
YouTube promoting a policy debate.
While the topics are varied and diverse, several positive trends have been shown in the videos and Chicago Criminal Defense Lawyer lists where users comments shed the impression of the video seen. For example, there are videos with images of cities and provinces, which mostly show brotherhood among individuals and peoples different courses for educational, technical and scientific, as the video shows doctors of operations and autopsies , gastronomic, archives, comedy or entertainment in general. However, pornography is not tolerated, although this ban following a group of outsiders created YouTube YouPorn .
The site has been criticized for videos hosted fights between t shirt design members of different races in the United States [ citation needed ] or between schools, where girls are even beating. 28 Some of these videos have been made exclusively for broadcast on YouTube. [ quotes required ] have also appeared related videos terrorism and videos of webcam which displays erotic poses without the nudity. Some of the latter images have been displayed without the permission of those filmed. Within this category are the videos voyeur , usually captured by mobile phones with video integrated, showing glimpses of recordings buttocks or private parts of women or men in public transport or in public. These videos are filmed without permission of the people filmed. [ citation needed ]
On the other hand, negative thematic about xenophobia , fascism , discrimination , among others, are very common on YouTube. [ citation needed ] For example, in the Spanish speaking world videos have emerged racist mocking the cross-country culinary arts , habits , idiosyncrasies , race , physical characteristics and origin of the inhabitants of those countries and insults abound on the gentile. [ citation needed ]
Another feature of the portal is that it has held as the main platform for the dissemination of viral videos . These refer to a host of videos, whether drawn from various media such as TV, videos, music promotion and videographers, to which the public expectation is particularly a feature usually comic, so begin to spread through blogs or other social networks to be seen by more people. Many of these videos are totally spontaneous and were not made with the original goal of being viral videos, nor for profit later 29 spectators themselves are what make they have such behavior broadcast on the Web An example is gained fame by a Peruvian television makeup artist named Judith Bustos, known as The Tigress of the Orient , who with the exhibition of a video clip New Dawn was a viral video that answered a host of different reactions, including considering their presentation as a camp or even a kitsch , 30 this is due to the small company that produced it, success in the world , which emerged from bankruptcy of the entire recording industry of Peru in the mid 90′s , 31 had limited resources for their production not using that usually has a TV company. A similar example and generally characterizes a viral video is an actor who represents the Indian Chiranjeevi , who in 1985 filmed a scene in which like elements used video of Michael Jackson’s Thriller , which in itself was not a parody, but an expression of American singer’s popularity in the Indian community embodied in a film. What made viral video was the extraction of that scene from the movie for which it was made and its subsequent display on YouTube, what viewers around the world perceived as a parody, it was not. The impact of a viral video is totally uncertain and various destinations, but it becomes such that it leads to create all sorts of parodies even made national television channels in the world, 32 coming also to profit, it also is reflected even advertising in some countries. 33 There are some exceptions where some videos are edited with the purpose of being viral videos.
Uses unexpected side
The site’s service has also been used by organized crime, mainly by the cartels of drug trafficking , to show their arsenal and power. [ citation needed ] These videos are to music with a calendar of Norteño Mexican containing letters related to the lords of drug trafficking . In addition, criminal organizations have posted images of corpses and beheadings by rival gangs without censorship, to increase media coverage and frighten their rivals, but the videos are removed immediately by administrators. 34 An unpublished case occurred during the kidnapping of Mexican livestock Luis Fierro, the Mexican state of Guerrero . A video recorded by his captors was lodged to the site, but access was restricted with a password. The video showed the agony and appeal of the hijacked by the payment of ransom. In this way, it showed another side in the use of technology by organized crime. 35
YouTube also served to house a video shot by the Korean Cho Seung-Hui , containing a speech of his. This video was lodged shortly before Cho to carry out the slaughter at Virginia Tech in the United States . [ citation needed ]
In other areas, the site has served as a platform unusual to publicize unknown talents, a case, the most famous worldwide is represented by Susan Boyle , thanks to a video taken from the British show Britain’s Got Talent enabled him to make known Worldwide, his talent as a performer he was assessed and so that a complete stranger in his country and the rest of the world, take the discovery of a high profile talent that the public accessing the site will recognize. 36
New Youtube logo vertically.
YouTube has recently released updates to several of its functions in order dui lawyer chicago to provide a better experience for users. The latter are imposed in January 2010, introducing various additional options, but most notable was his design change: the option imposed more significant was the sharing of videos mediate new social networks that were previously not as Orkut , Myspace or other services such as Blogger .
Also, the inbox now to view all messages in a view, and the burden of these is much faster than before. So now you can see the video comments, replies to private messages and invitations on one page. You can also send messages to many recipients.
The video management has received a substantial improvement, and among the most notable changes to the naked eye jumps lighter interface with expandable menus, and more concise information on-screen editing options. Managing contacts and subscriptions has also been updated, and now you can organize more easily and quickly. You can, for example, display data from more than one contact with just flag or tag them and organize them into groups, all very simple.
Downloading songs not only be done from iTunes , but also various services imposed by the author of the video. This improvement is an improvement option, since it was available since 2008 .
In September of 2011 eliminated the restriction on video limit to 15 minutes 37 , but only for some accounts 38